What Does The Queen’s ‘Lying In State’ Mean, Exactly?

The queen’s coffin will quickly arrive in London, the place it should lie in state from Wednesday till her funeral on Sept. 19.

However what precisely does that imply?

Lying in state, defined

Lying in state is the place the closed coffin of a high-ranking public determine — sovereigns, their consorts and infrequently ministers — is placed on show for the general public to pay their respects as they stroll previous.

The queen’s mendacity in state will occur in Westminster Corridor, after a ceremonial procession which can carry her physique from Buckingham Palace. This shall be screened in Hyde Park.

The corridor shall be open to the general public from 5 p.m. on Wednesday for twenty-four hours a day till it closes at 6:30 a.m. on Monday, Sept. 19.

The queen’s closed coffin shall be coated in a flag, The Royal Commonplace, and shall be on a raised platform referred to as catafalque, with navy guard — made up of the Sovereign’s Bodyguard, Yeoman Warders of the Tower of London or the Family Division — standing at every of the 4 corners of the platform 24 hours a day.

The royal orb and sceptre can even be positioned on prime of the coffin.

The queen’s kids or grandchildren could be a part of the guard over the coffin, in a practice referred to as the Vigil of the Princes. If Princess Anne takes half, she’ll be the primary feminine member of the household ever to take action.

Distinction from mendacity in relaxation

Earlier than mendacity in state in London, the queen shall be mendacity in relaxation in Edinburgh, after finishing the greater than six-hour journey from Balmoral — the place she died — to the Palace of Holyroodhouse.

The procession from Holyroodhouse to St. Giles’ Cathedral, led by King Charles and his siblings, will finish at 2:55 p.m. on Monday.

The Crown of Scotland shall be positioned on the coffin from 5 p.m. and most of the people will have the ability to go to.

The Duke of Hamilton carrying the Crown of Scotland into the Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh forward of a speech by the Queen in 2019.

Andrew Milligan – PA Photographs by way of Getty Photographs

Her coffin will then be flown right down to the capital, a shift from the unique plans the place she was presupposed to journey by way of the Royal Practice down south.

Lying at relaxation is much less formal, and occurs when the physique shouldn’t be at its precept residence.

The queen’s physique will stay there till Tuesday, when Princess Anne will accompany it on the aircraft to London.

Historical past of mendacity in state

The Queen Mother's coffin lying.
The Queen Mom’s coffin mendacity.

Mirrorpix by way of Getty Photographs

The idea started within the seventeenth Century, in the course of the Stuart period, however solely Edward VII — the eldest son of Queen Victoria — arrange the traditions as we all know them right now. He was the queen’s great-grandfather.

Each monarch since his demise in 1910 has lay in state.

Prime ministers William Gladstone and Sir Winston Churchill additionally each lay in state, as did the victims of the R101 Airship catastrophe in 1930.

The queen’s husband the Duke of Edinburgh died in 2021, however he didn’t lie in state as per his personal request. Mass gatherings throughout this era of the pandemic have been additionally not permitted to scale back transmission of COVID.

The Queen Mom was the final individual to lie in state again in 2002. Her coronation crown was positioned upon her coffin, and a hand-written message from the queen which learn: “In loving memory, Lilibet.”

Because it was the primary time a safety verify was included, the queue of an estimated 200,000 folks reached alongside Lambeth Bridge and again to Southwark Cathedral.

Folks have been anticipated to attend for as much as 12 hours at peak time, and the police have been even referred to as in for crowd administration.

Why Westminster Corridor?

Relationship again to 1099, the constructing is contained in the Palace of Westminster and the oldest constructing within the parliamentary property.

It varieties a part of the Westminster Unesco World Heritage website.

It has had a key position in lots of vital historic occasions such because the trial of King Charles I, coronation banquets and addresses from world leaders.

Warnings to these ready

Apart from street closures and delays on public transport, tight safety will add to the queues ready to see the queen’s coffin, which means some folks could have to attend in a single day.

In accordance with The Instances, some folks may be ready for as much as 20 hours, and there are fears that as much as 750,000 mourners could all come to London for the event — which means the Cupboard Workplace are supposedly getting ready for the capital to develop into “full” for the primary time.

Persons are inspired to plan forward accordingly earlier than they attain the airport-style safety measures.

Mourners will solely be allowed to take a small bag (40cm x 30cm x 20cm) with a easy opening, though massive luggage might be saved at a limited-capacity facility — ready to retailer your luggage will enhance your queuing time too.

Officers additionally suggest folks deliver appropriate garments for any climate, food and drinks, a transportable energy financial institution on your cellphone and medicine.

Folks have been requested to decorate appropriately — no garments with political slogans, as an example — and are suggested to not movie, take images, use their telephones or different handheld units throughout the palace or within the safety search space.

Don’t deliver flowers, candles, mushy toys or images, banners, flags, hampers, blankets and folding chairs, both. Flowers can solely be positioned within the devoted space of Inexperienced Park.

There may be 5 miles’ price of queues, and folks can have little possibility to sit down down.

The official steering added: “Please consider this before you decide to attend or bring children with you.”

All food and drinks have to be consumed or disposed of being getting into the palace. Flasks and water bottles are banned, until they’re clear. Sharp objects, paint sprays, padlocks, chains, climbing gear and different hazardous object are banned too.

There shall be step-free entry accessible.

Wristbands shall be given to folks on the finish of the queue and solely these with a wristband can keep — folks can’t queue on others’ behalf.

Mourners have been requested to “respect the dignity of this event” and keep silent within the precise Palace of Westminster. Queue-jumping, extreme consumption of alcohol won’t be tolerated and folks could possibly be faraway from the queue.

For many who can’t make it to see the coffin, key moments of the ceremonial procession and mendacity in state shall be broadcast on BBC, Sky Information and ITV.