Two ladies are high Burmese python hunters within the Everglades

Donna Kalil loves snakes. She’s been fascinated by them since she was a child residing within the mountains of Venezuela’s capital within the Sixties, the place her father was stationed as an Air Drive pilot.

“We’d play ‘I-spy,’ and we’d use the snakes, birds and other animals that lived in the jungle,” she mentioned. “I developed a really sharp eye.”

Now she kills them.

Not all snakes. Simply Burmese pythons. They’ve turn out to be a scourge within the Everglades of South Florida since one was first noticed within the Nineteen Seventies — ferocious, fecund and indiscriminate of their feeding conduct.

Volunteer python hunter Dave Hackathorn, 53, of Waverly, W.Va., with a 4-foot-6-inch python caught west of Miami.

(Gary Coronado / Los Angeles Instances)

Research point out pythons have annihilated the Everglades’ mammal inhabitants, with some species — resembling marsh rabbits and foxes — solely gone. In addition they go after amphibians, reptiles and wading birds, together with some beloved and endangered species, such because the wooden stork.

They’ll even assault and eat the area’s high predators — alligators and crocodiles — after they can abdomen them.

In 2005, the Nationwide Park Service launched a collection of images exhibiting a gator that had busted out of the abdomen of a lifeless 13-foot python. The photographs went viral, and impressed most of the hunters now making a profession of culling pythons.

Kalil, 60, is one. Seeing a python eat the area’s apex predator was an excessive amount of, she mentioned, prompting her to transition from actual property agent to skilled serpent killer.

“They were eating everything. They were destroying this beautiful, wonderful place,” she mentioned, referring to the Everglades, the nation’s solely subtropical wilderness and one in all its most degraded ecosystems.

Over many a long time, farmers, engineers and builders ditched and drained a lot of the 4,000 sq. miles of the Everglades, with conservation solely taking maintain after it grew to become a nationwide park in 1947. As suburbs mushroomed close by, people launched an array of unique species — together with Argentine tegus, large African land snails and inexperienced iguanas — into the park’s marshes, hardwood hammocks and different habitats. Now these invasive species threaten to overwhelm efforts to revive the Everglades, with none extra voracious than Burmese pythons.

Three people in an airboat hunt for pythons in the Everglades.

Donna Kalil, 60, left, volunteer Dave Hackathorn, 53, heart, of Waverly, W.Va., piloting his airboat, and volunteer Dave Wagner, 50, of Weston, hunt for pythons within the Everglades west of Weston, Fla.

(Gary Coronado / Los Angeles Instances)

Nobody is aware of what number of of those large snakes now infest South Florida, however estimates vary between 100,000 and greater than one million, mentioned Kevin Donmoyer, an invasive-species biologist at Everglades Nationwide Park. Paid contractors and others have killed roughly 9,000 snakes since 2017, when the looking program began.

The snakes breed prolifically, laying anyplace from a half-dozen to 100 eggs per nest. And with few pure predators, their numbers present no signal of diminishing.

That’s why, every year, the South Florida Water Administration District, the Fish and Wildlife Basis of Florida and the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Fee sponsor a multi-day python looking contest, the Florida Python Problem — open to the general public — to see who can bag the most important variety of the non-venomous snakes.

Whereas most Florida python hunters are males, Kalil and one in all her protégées, Amy Siewe, have confirmed to be extremely efficient eradicators. They hunt to not accumulate trophies, they are saying, however to assist save the native creatures that dwell in and across the Everglades.

After helping Kalil on a couple of hunts, Siewe left a profitable actual property enterprise in Indianapolis in 2019 to pursue snakes full time, and now calls herself the Python Huntress.

“I knew I had to drop everything and do this,” she mentioned.


As their identify implies, Burmese pythons originated in Southeast Asia, the place they advanced over the eons to turn out to be wonderful swimmers and climbers. Of their native vary they’re thought of endangered, saved in examine by tigers and king cobras, however now threatened by habitat loss.

These pressures don’t apply within the Everglades. Whereas their eggs are susceptible to raccoons and different scavengers, grownup Burmese pythons don’t have to fret about turning into prey. And since the Everglades provides such a wealthy number of meals for the large snakes — the birds and mammals didn’t evolve in an setting with massive constrictors — they’ve a seemingly limitless provide of simple, unsuspecting victims.

A woman hunts for pythons during the Florida Python Challenge.

Amy Siewe, 45, of Naples, Fla., hunts for pythons throughout the Florida Python Problem.

(Gary Coronado / Los Angeles Instances)

With distinctive brown and black patterning, Burmese pythons have lengthy been coveted each as pets and producers of skins for high-end leather-based items. They’re commercially farmed in Southeast Asia, and a fast seek for python items at Neiman Marcus confirmed a $4,200 Bottega Veneta python leather-based purse, and a $2,750 Saint Laurent purple-dyed python leather-based shoulder bag.

Most consultants imagine the exotic-pet commerce contributed to the Everglades invasion, as pet homeowners — some not totally ready to feed and take care of a large python — discarded them into the wild.

Kalil as soon as noticed a ball python — a special species — get dumped on the entrance to the park. She took it house, named it Benny, and now swims with the five-and-a-half-foot python within the lake behind her house.

Genetic analyses point out the pythons that dwell within the glades are all carefully associated. Their DNA primarily aligns with that of Burmese pythons, though there’s additionally a touch of Indian python, suggesting the 2 species hybridized sooner or later previously.

In South Florida, there’s a well-worn story that Hurricane Andrew in 1992 was a significant contributor to the python explosion when the storm blew down a reptile-breeding facility close to Homestead, a city south of Miami that sits on the sting of Everglades Nationwide Park.

“Not true,” mentioned Walter Meshaka Jr., former supervisory curator of South Florida’s 4 nationwide parks. “I’m sure it may have added to it. But it certainly wasn’t the only cause. Things have been released, things escape, and there’s been a steady drip of animals for decades.”

A python hunter pilots his airboat through the Everglades.

Python hunter Dave Hackathorn, 53, of Waverly, W.Va., pilots his airboat by way of the Everglades.

(Gary Coronado / Los Angeles Instances)

A woman holds an 8.5-foot python.

Jayna Corns, 40, of Fort Lauderdale, Fla., holds an 8.5-foot python.

(Gary Coronado / Los Angeles Instances)

Meshaka, who now works as senior curator of zoology and botany on the State Museum of Pennsylvania, was the primary to doc a longtime inhabitants of Burmese pythons within the Everglades in 2000, after sporadic sightings within the Eighties and Nineties.

Quickly after he left the park system that 12 months, “Burmese pythons just turned up absolutely everywhere. It was as if that last drop of water tipped the vessel over.”

Since that point, the pythons have expanded their vary, shifting as far north as Lake Okeechobee and south to the Florida Keys — though it’s unclear in the event that they’ve established a breeding inhabitants on the islands.

Modeling the snake’s potential vary, researchers say Burmese pythons finally might set up populations all through the Southeast and maybe unfold as far north as Virginia and as far west as California.

Whether or not hunters can considerably cut back the python inhabitants stays unclear. To date the one power that has seemingly made a dent of their Florida inhabitants is chilly temperatures.

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In 2010, a chilly snap in South Florida killed 1000’s of Burmese pythons. However the area hasn’t seen a sustained chilly spell like that since, and consultants say local weather change is probably going to assist the predator’s growth.

“It’s sort of a tragic, comedic story,” mentioned Meshaka, citing the synchronous institution of the python inhabitants and local weather change. Chilly spells just like the one in 2010 “are getting rare. It just doesn’t get that cold that often anymore.”


Python hunters work the night time shift — clocking in at sunset and looking until daybreak to trace their quarry, which lays low throughout the sweltering warmth of summer season days.

In consequence, Kalil is usually not in mattress till 5 or 6 within the morning this time of 12 months. That doesn’t go away a lot time to spend along with her husband — a Miami industrial litigation lawyer — or their two grownup children, an lawyer and a programs engineer.

When The Instances met up along with her in August, she’d been toiling for 19 days straight — work habits which have made her a python-hunting rock star because the water district employed her as a contractor in 2017. As of Sept. 8, she’d caught 694 snakes.

Sporting an extended, blond braid and python-skin-brimmed hat, Kalil was one of many first hunters the water district employed, and she or he claims to have mentored or introduced on 27 others. Throughout a current hunt, Kalil handed out chocolate chip cookies — made with python eggs — to her crew. There have been no requests for seconds.

The water district and wildlife fee now pays 100 of those contractors. It’s not a street to wealth. Contractors are paid $13 an hour for looking in most areas; as much as $18 per hour the place the snakes are uncommon. They’re additionally offered money bonuses for each snake they catch. The larger the snake, the bigger the bounty: $50 for the primary 4 toes and $25 for each further foot.

Kalil collected $350 for the 16-footer she caught final 12 months. She additionally gained $2,500 for having caught 19 snakes — the best seize quantity for an expert hunter — throughout the 2021 python problem.

That luck didn’t carry by way of this 12 months; she solely caught six.

The slow-moving river of the Everglades is dependent on the seasonal rise and fall of fresh water.

The slow-moving river of the Everglades relies on the seasonal rise and fall of contemporary water.

(Gary Coronado / Los Angeles Instances)

As a result of looking is prohibited in Everglades Nationwide Park, contractors should prowl for pythons outdoors the park, navigating a sinuous community of roads and canals. They’re given gate-lock keys to allow them to drive on levees closed to most of the people, and are aided within the hunt by skilled assistants — lots of whom come right down to Florida from throughout. (The park service sometimes hires contractors to eliminate pythons, however doesn’t have a standing program).

“P-p-p-python!!!” yelled Dave Hackathorn, 53, the proprietor of a tree-trimming and removing enterprise in Waverly, W.Va., on a current August night time. He and Kalil can’t bear in mind how they have been first launched, however theirs has confirmed to be a long-lasting partnership.

Standing atop Kalil’s 1998 Ford Expedition, Hackathorn — who calls himself “Hillbilly Dave” — noticed an 8.5-foot snake slithering within the grass alongside Levee 28, a roughly 17-mile filth embankment that cuts by way of the Everglades north of the Tamiami Path and alongside the western fringe of the Francis S. Taylor Wildlife Administration Space.

Kalil, who had been driving at about 20 mph, screeched to a cease, and Hackathorn and two different observers standing atop the retrofitted SUV rocketed forwards and backwards — prevented from falling off by welded-on guardrails adorned with high-wattage floodlights. After regaining their steadiness, the three observers swiftly descended a ladder within the stern and jogged over to a lackadaisical python slowly slithering up the sting of the levee.

Kalil acquired to the snake earlier than the roof-riders and moved shortly behind it. She deftly distracted the snake by waving one hand round frantically in entrance of its face. Slowly and steadily, she reached her different hand behind its head. With a deft swoop, she grabbed it across the neck and held it out, away from her physique.

A python hunter pilots his airboat through the Everglades.

Python hunter Dave Hackathorn, 53, of Waverly, W.Va., pilots his airboat by way of the Everglades.

(Gary Coronado / Los Angeles Instances)

Initially shocked, the python shortly regrouped and started coiling and constricting its lengthy physique round Kalil’s proper arm, sometimes letting out an indignant hiss.

Hackathorn and Jayna Corns, one other skilled hunter — and one in all Kalil’s former mentees — unwrapped the serpent from Kalil’s arm. Stretching it out among the many three of them, they posed for a collection of smiling selfies. Kalil then handed it off to Hackathorn who took sole possession and dropped it in a bag — pulling his hand again quickly as he let go, lest the snake strike and lodge a tooth in his hand.

He’d been bit the night time earlier than in simply this state of affairs; happily with out shrapnel left behind.

There aren’t any recognized stories of a wild python killing anybody in Florida, however there have been shut calls. Kalil remembers catching a smallish five-foot python in knee-deep water. As she grabbed the snake and held it with each fingers, the cellphone in her pocket rang. She let go of the serpent with one hand, utilizing it to retrieve her beckoning cellphone.

The snake took benefit; it slithered its tail backward up her shoulder and round her neck. After which squeezed.

Kalil, who’s a free diver, mentioned she initially wasn’t too nervous; she’s an professional at holding her breath for lengthy durations of time. However she shortly realized the snake was constricting the blood provide to her mind — not her breath. She began feeling faint and realized she was in a nasty state of affairs.

Happily, Kalil had assistants along with her they usually managed to untether the reptile from her neck. She by no means dropped her cellphone.

Three python hunters hold up a snake.

Kalil, 60, far proper, with volunteer python hunter Dave Hackathorn, 53, left, of Waverly, W.Va., and Jayna Corns, 40, heart, of Fort Lauderdale, Fla., caught an 8.5-foot python.

(Gary Coronado / Los Angeles Instances)


Some states draw vacationers by internet hosting waterfowl festivals. Florida does the identical with a python bounty. Held every year, the Florida Python Problem attracts lots of of contestants, some lured by the advertising pitch on the competition’s web site — “Chance to Win Ultimate $10,000 Grand Prize!”

The competition is split into skilled and newbie classes, with all members having to pay $25 and watch a brief video on the right way to kill a snake humanely. Step one is to make use of blunt power trauma between the eyes to stun the animal. Then the contestants should pith all mind tissue from the cranium — to insure the python is totally lifeless.

Contestants are required to show of their quarry at set checkpoints, the place contest officers accumulate the snakes and ensure they have been killed correctly.

At one such drop-off, Ronnie Rodriguez rolled up in his truck, carrying a python he’d caught the night time earlier than. However the animal hadn’t been left on ice in a single day and was beginning to odor, piquing Mike Kirkland, the water district’s python program supervisor.

Ronnie Rodriguez, left, competes in his third Python Challenge.

Ronnie Rodriguez, 39, left, of Miami, competing in his third Python Problem, registers a 6-foot python he captured with Mike Kirkland, proper, senior invasive animal biologist with the South Florida Water Administration District, at a contest check-in station.

(Gary Coronado / Los Angeles Instances)

“I’ll take it, but it might get disqualified,” mentioned Kirkland, after noticing that Rodriguez hadn’t dispatched the snake as required.

All too typically, an evening of looking ends with no pythons within the bag. After two unsuccessful nights of patrolling levee roads, Kalil and her crew expanded their search to the open water, in Hackathorn’s airboat.

Kalil appeared for islands with palmettos. When noticed, the crew would glide as much as the island’s edge, disembark and hack their approach by way of thick shrubs, bushes and bushes — shining flashlights onto the root-laden floor.

Mosquitoes swarmed whereas mouse-sized dragonflies bombarded the hunters with thwacking, thumping thuds.

Kalil and assistants returned to the boat draped in spiderwebs, however carrying no pythons.


A woman holds up a 14-foot-long python skin she caught in 2021 in the Everglades.

Amy Siewe, 45, exhibits off the pores and skin of a 14-foot-long python she caught in 2021 within the Everglades, together with different tanned skins at her condominium in Naples, Fla.

(Gary Coronado / Los Angeles Instances)

A woman, left, removes the flesh from a python skin. Right, she salts a python skin.

Siewe, left, removes the flesh from a python pores and skin. Proper, Siewe salts a python pores and skin she eliminated the flesh from at her condominium in Naples, Fla.

(Gary Coronado / Los Angeles Instances)

Siewe, the self-proclaimed Python Huntress, is equally drawn to the forbidding swamp-scapes of South Florida. In her case, she hunts within the hopes of supplementing her earnings with skins of the snakes she luggage.

In her condominium simply east of Naples, a wheeled garment rack on the finish of her mattress is loaded with a rainbow of not less than 50 dyed and tanned python skins. She sells the skins to high-end watch band, belt and bracelet makers. She’s labored for 3 years to excellent her skinning course of, and now works with a tanner who treats the skins to her liking.

“They’re pretty fragile,” she mentioned of the skins. “They’re really only good for small, more ornamental items.”

On a current afternoon, she invited a Instances staff to observe her pores and skin two pythons on her again deck. Practiced and environment friendly, she filleted and skinned the snakes in a matter of minutes.

A woman documents the lengths of two python skins hanging to dry.

Siewe, 45, of Naples, Fla., paperwork the lengths of two python skins hanging to dry.

(Gary Coronado / Los Angeles Instances)

Blond, tan, lithe and a former homecoming queen from the Dayton, Ohio, space, Siewe has caught greater than 400 pythons (she will’t bear in mind the precise rely), together with a 17-footer that weighed 110 kilos. Earlier than shifting to Florida, she claimed some web fame after her fiancé posted a video of her catching dozens of water snakes — by hand — from Lake Erie.

Like Kalil, Siewe loves these snakes and she or he doesn’t relish killing them. She’s made it a career to assist defend native wildlife.

It’s why she gained’t let the skins go to waste, she mentioned. Preserving them honors the lives of those apex predators.

“They didn’t ask to be here,” she mentioned. “It’s not their fault.”