Dr. Valery Polyakov, a physician-turned-cosmonaut who spent 437 days in outer house and set the world document, died at 80. Russian house company Roscosmos introduced his demise on Monday with out disclosing the trigger or location.
“His research helped prove that the human body is ready for flights not only to near-Earth orbit, but also to deep space,” Roscosmos wrote in a Telegram put up. “We express our deepest condolences to the relatives and friends of Valery Vladimirovich.”
He was born Valery Ivanovich Korshunov on April 27, 1942, however modified his title after being adopted in 1957, in accordance with the New Mexico Museum of Space Historical past. Polyakov started as a doctor and joined the Institute of Biomedical Issues in Moscow in 1971, in accordance with CNN.
After present process spaceflight coaching to display he may administer help to fellow astronauts in orbit and passing his exams in 1972, Polyakov grew to become one of many first doctor-cosmonaut trainees in historical past. He earned his Candidate of Medical Sciences diploma in 1976.
Polyakov’s first prolonged house mission in 1988 lasted eight months, and he grew to become deputy director of the institute he as soon as joined as a younger man upon returning again to Earth. It was his second and ultimate mission, nevertheless, that made historical past.
Now a specialist within the nascent area of house drugs, Polyakov volunteered to show human beings may face up to microgravity and attain Mars, in accordance with Wired. His flight to dock with Russia’s Mir house station launched on Jan. 8, 1994 — and Polyakov didn’t return till March 22, 1995.
Polyakov orbited Earth 7,075 occasions and traveled round 187 million miles throughout these 14 months — throughout which tens of millions of individuals again on Earth had marveled on the launch of the Netscape Navigator web browser, the opening of the English Channel Tunnel and O.J. Simpson’s high-speed police chase.
In keeping with “The Story of Manned Space Stations” by Philip Baker, American astronaut Norman Thagard stated Polyakov returned to Earth “big and strong” and seemed “like he could wrestle a bear.” Polyakov exercised throughout his mission and refused help upon touchdown, opting to stroll on his personal.
“When his capsule landed in Kazakhstan he walked from it to a nearby chair, a tremendous achievement,” wrote Baker. “He also stole a cigarette from a friend nearby, but could hardly be blamed for that. He sipped a small brandy and inwardly celebrated his mission.”
Whereas NASA astronauts Scott Kelly and Mark Vande Hei respectively spent 340 and 355 consecutive days in house and Peggy Whitson spent 665 cumulative days in house, the consecutive 437-day keep completed by Valery Polyakov stays unprecedented.
“His record still stands today,” wrote Baker, “and it is unlikely to be broken until man ventures to Mars.”