Russian tanks and army autos captured by Ukraine pose pressing restore problem


KHARKIV REGION, Ukraine — When Ukrainian forces got here throughout the deserted Russian preventing automobile on the battlefield, they knew that they had discovered a uncommon prize.

The BMP-3, armed with a 100mm machine gun and a 30mm cannon, was one of many few of its type that the Ukrainian army had seized from the Russians because the begin of the invasion. However a few month in the past, after weeks of being operated by Ukrainian troopers, its engine compartment and fueling system started to fail.

Ever since, the Russian preventing automobile has been out of fee, caught at a restore website in Ukraine’s northeastern Kharkiv area.

Ukrainian forces have seized a whole bunch of what they name “trophies” — Russian tanks, armored personnel carriers and infantry preventing autos — because the begin of the conflict. They’ve develop into precious property for Kyiv. The brigade working at this restore website jokingly referred to them as “lend-lease” tanks, referring to the World World II program below which the USA provided Britain, the Soviet Union and different Allied nations with humanitarian help and army gear.

However many of those tanks and different autos are caught in hangars just like the one at this restore website as brigades wrestle to seek out the components wanted to restore them. The unit right here, a upkeep battalion for the 14th Separate Mechanized Brigade, has been unable to seek out the components it wants for the BMP-3.

“It’s obvious it should be fighting the enemy and not sitting in a hangar,” mentioned Ruslan, the 47-year-old commander of the upkeep battalion, who spoke on the situation that his final identify not be used.

To search out components to repair the automobile, the battalion would want to first discover an equivalent match. In contrast to earlier fashions of any such preventing automobile, the BMP-3 can’t be repaired utilizing components from related Ukrainian autos.

It’s potential one other brigade may need a automobile that could be a match, Ruslan mentioned, however there is no such thing as a system for finding the components. He recommended the armed forces may benefit from a program or database monitoring suitable components throughout brigades. “It would save time,” he mentioned. “It would save a lot of resources.”

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A press officer for the 14th Brigade, the one brigade that has fought on all main entrance traces within the nation because the begin of Russia’s invasion, joked that it’s within the Ukrainian nature to gather and hoard prized possessions. It’s not all the time as simple as merely asking one other brigade for its equivalent trophy tank or automobile.

Within the Donetsk area, Vadym Ustymenko, a member of a tank unit in Ukraine’s twenty fifth Airborne Assault Brigade, mentioned he has modified tanks “six or seven times” up to now seven months as a result of they typically want restore. He’s now preventing on a T-80 tank — among the many finest fashions in Ukraine’s arsenal.

The twenty fifth Brigade was the primary unit into the town of Izyum after Russian forces swiftly retreated from the Kharkiv area in September, forsaking a unprecedented quantity of tanks and armored personnel carriers.

“Speaking about just the tanks, there were indeed a lot of them, but very few were operational,” Ustymenko mentioned. “Those that you could just start up or only needed a few minutes of work, you could count on one hand. Those that needed some repair but would eventually run was another 30 percent probably. And the last 50 percent was junk that requires a whole lot of work.”

For the tanks that have been in dangerous situation, some could possibly be “donors” of wanted components, mentioned one other soldier in Ustymenko’s unit. As a result of Ukraine’s weapons largely date to the Soviet Union, a tank that’s greater than 30 years outdated could possibly be improved with a spare half from a seized Russian mannequin that’s simply 5 years outdated.

The troopers in Ustymenko’s unit mentioned they often talk with different brigades about spare components. One soldier within the tank unit talked about that they requested for some ammunition for his or her tank from a brigade within the space and have been refused.

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Whereas Ukraine can typically restore its personal gear on or close to the entrance line with accessible spare components, a breakdown of Western-provided gear sometimes means it must be towed again to a NATO facility in Poland. That would imply eradicating a significant howitzer from the battlefield for weeks.

“The weapons that are coming from the U.S., they are mostly coming from stockpiles, so they are not new,” mentioned Daria Kaleniuk, government director of the Anti-Corruption Motion Heart in Ukraine. She has been assembly with Western politicians to push for Ukraine to obtain trendy fighter jets and battle tanks. Sending broken weapons to Poland “is a huge delay and a big frustration for the Ukrainian military,” Kaleniuk mentioned.

On the subject restore website within the Kharkiv area, members of the upkeep battalion labored to repair two Russian tanks and several other armed personnel carriers, repairing engines, steering techniques and machine-gun turrets. One of many first issues the unit does when repairing a trophy is repaint it, eradicating the “Z” image of its former Russian proprietor.

Typically, probably the most difficult a part of repairing a Russian tank is just figuring out the issue, Ruslan mentioned. Many tanks have been seized within the space round Kupiansk throughout Ukraine’s Kharkiv counteroffensive.

Every brigade has a technical reconnaissance unit devoted to looking fields for deserted tanks and gear, then transporting them to restore websites. The tanks and autos have develop into simpler to seek out because the leaves fell off the bushes, bettering visibility.

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However the winter months additionally create harsher situations for tanks and gear, inflicting extra put on and tear.

Fixed energy outages create a further impediment. The near-daily blackouts at this restore website delay the workforce’s work. Even a generator isn’t sufficient to energy the entire instruments they should repair the gear. That is a part of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s aim, Ruslan mentioned.

“The Russians are doing this for a reason,” he mentioned.

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