On the Shelf
Ted Kennedy: A Life
By John A. Farrell
Penguin Press: 752 pages, $40
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When Ted Kennedy feared that flunking a Spanish check would make him ineligible to play soccer at Harvard, he despatched a buddy in his place in hopes of securing a better rating. It was the second time Kennedy had tried this ploy, however this time it failed and he was expelled. His father, an imperious patriarch who dreamed of dynastic energy for his sprawling household, was apoplectic.
“There are people who can mess up in life and not get caught,” he advised his son. “You’re not one of them.”
It was a fact that helped outline the long run politician, who’s freshly illuminated in John A. Farrell’s biography, “Ted Kennedy: A Life,” out this week.
His three older brothers — Joseph, John and Robert — died in conflict or by the hands of assassins. However Teddy lived lengthy sufficient for his flaws to be totally uncovered. All are laid naked on this e-book — the consuming, the infidelity, the selfishness, the informal cruelty, the emotional isolation.
The central riddle of Kennedy is how these weaknesses existed alongside the benevolence, loyalty, perseverance and knowledge that made him one of the vital influential senators in fashionable American historical past. That is, in spite of everything, the identical man who declared “I define liberalism in this country” years after abandoning a younger girl on the backside of a pond throughout a automotive crash in Chappaquiddick, Mass.
“His brothers were icons, frozen in youth and time,” Farrell writes. “To him now fell a more arduous duty: to carry that fallen standard, over decades, and deliver.”
No doubt, Kennedy typically stumbled. And but he additionally delivered, repeatedly, on civil rights, healthcare, immigration and extra. Greater than only a private profile, Farrell’s e-book revisits the origins of coverage debates that also divide the nation. Kennedy’s fingerprints are on virtually all of them.
Farrell’s e-book can be a personality research of the methods the non-public and the political can overlap and battle. Kennedy could have withstood a sequence of scandals, however additionally they undermined his effectiveness as an advocate for liberal causes.
One of many clearest examples got here in 1991. Stressed late at night time, Kennedy dragooned his son and nephew into becoming a member of him for drinks at a bar; every introduced dwelling a younger girl. One in all them accused the nephew of rape. The trial resulted in acquittal, however not earlier than turning into a media sensation that solid a harsh highlight on a household that had shed its Camelot glow.
Proper round this time, Clarence Thomas was nominated to interchange Thurgood Marshall on the Supreme Court docket. When Anita Hill accused Thomas of sexual harassment, Kennedy was in no place to assist lead the struggle in opposition to him. He handed his time on the affirmation hearings by doodling sailboats, and Thomas was confirmed.
“It really did come to a head in those hearings: this disconnect between many of the principles he had espoused publicly and the things that he had allegedly done personally,” Hill advised Farrell.
Kennedy’s upbringing was concurrently gilded and twisted. His household’s wealth afforded him each instructional alternative; he additionally confronted cruelty and possibly even molestation in boarding faculty. His mom, Rose, was typically absent and disinterested; his father, Joseph Sr., domineering and demanding. When Kennedy turned engaged to his first spouse, his mom obtained her title flawed in a congratulatory word.
Because the youngest of 9 siblings, Ted was not considered as a pure chief, and he turned accustomed to appearing deferential and pleasing others. So whereas his older brothers John and Robert struggled within the hidebound Senate, Teddy thrived in its clubby and hierarchical environs.
“Getting there early and staying late was all and everything in the U.S. Senate,” Farrell writes. “It was then a sump of aged men with liver spots, claws, and bourbon breath, who strode the chamber with reptilian gait and hailed one another with mellifluent courtesies.”
Kennedy was solely 30 when he turned a senator, and he remained one till his demise from most cancers at 77. He was relentless till the top, fueled by ardour for liberal causes however by no means hesitating to chop offers with conservative colleagues.
Farrell, a former reporter and editor on the Boston Globe, beforehand wrote biographies of Richard Nixon, Clarence Darrow and Tip O’Neill. He acknowledges in an afterword that it was daunting, if not foolhardy, to try a brand new e-book about Kennedy. 1000’s of books have been written about his household, and Kennedy is already the topic of a two-part biography by Neal Gabler.
Even a number of years after Kennedy’s demise, lots of his papers stay below wraps, and Farrell writes that he “weighed surrender.” It’s to readers’ profit that he didn’t quit, and his e-book is a monument to endurance. Farrell mined historic archives from North Carolina to Kansas to California and plenty of factors in between. The results of his analysis is almost 600 pages — not counting an in depth index and assortment of supply notes — that burst with element.
Farrell manages to unearth new tidbits about one of the vital scrutinized lives in American politics. A detailed studying of a household confidant’s papers reveals that after Mary Jo Kopechne’s demise at Chappaquiddick, certainly one of Kennedy’s sisters believed he needed “to find some way to cover it all up.” (The confidant, Arthur Schlesinger Jr., left this out of his personal memoirs, maybe a mirrored image of his loyalty to the Kennedy household.)
The writer additionally unearthed a few of Kennedy’s diary entries, together with his description of assembly with Samuel Alito when he was a Supreme Court docket nominee. Requested about Roe vs. Wade, Kennedy wrote in his diary, Alito mentioned, “I think it’s settled” and “I’m a believer in precedents.” Seventeen years later, Alito would writer the courtroom resolution overturning the nationwide proper to abortion.
By this level, Kennedy was thought of a “lion of the Senate.” In earlier years, he had paid a worth for his longevity, struggling to adapt to conservatism’s resurgence and extra aggressive scrutiny of his private conduct. However now endurance had its advantages. Within the closing stage of his life, he helped assemble the healthcare laws that Barack Obama would signal into legislation after Kennedy’s demise, capping one of many nice crusades of his profession.
Kennedy anticipated everybody to pitch in to assist push the legislation over the end line, even a former advisor who protested that he was too previous.
“I’ve got brain cancer,” Kennedy mentioned. “I’m still fighting.”
Megerian is the White Home reporter for the Related Press and a former workers author for The Occasions.