Qatar 2022: Why are folks protesting concerning the World Cup host?

One and a half million followers from everywhere in the world are anticipated to go to Qatar to observe the World Cup finals, which begin on 20 November.

However the Gulf state, which follows strict Muslim legal guidelines, is receiving an growing variety of complaints about its stance on same-sex relationships.

What’s Qatar’s stance on homosexual rights?

Gay acts are unlawful in Qatar as a result of they’re thought of to be immoral beneath Islamic Sharia legislation.

Punishments embrace fines, jail sentences of as much as seven years – and even loss of life.

Qatar’s World Cup organisers state “everyone is welcome” to go to the nation to observe the soccer matches and claims nobody might be discriminated in opposition to.

Nonetheless, Qatar 2022 chief govt, Nasser al Khater, says the federal government is not going to change its legal guidelines on homosexuality and has requested guests to “respect our culture”.

He has mentioned that in Qatar any public shows of affection between {couples} – whether or not homosexual or straight – are frowned upon.

Human Rights Watch has lately launched a reportexternal-link saying that Qatari safety forces are persevering with to arrest residents who’re homosexual, lesbian, and transgender, generally forcing them to bear conversion remedy.

Qatar’s authorities has mentioned the report accommodates false allegations.

Life in Qatar: 85% foreign workers' 24.7% population female (lowest in the world); 99.2% live in a city; hereditary monarchy; controls 13% of global oil reserves; GDP per capital (2020), $50,124; same-sex relationships are illegal; alcohol restricted in public places; strict laws on public behaviour.

How have folks been protesting?

Australia’s soccer squad has launched a video urging Qatar to abolish its legal guidelines on same-sex relationships.

Within the video, the squad additionally criticises Qatari employers for his or her remedy of an estimated 30,000 migrant employees who’ve been constructing services for the World Cup finals.

Many employees are mentioned to have died or been injured due to poor well being and security measures on constructing websites.

Denmark’s soccer gamers say they’ll put on a “toned-down” all-black equipment to protest in opposition to Qatar’s human rights’ file.

England’s captain Harry Kane, together with the captains of 9 different groups from Europe, will put on ‘One Love’ armbands to protest in opposition to Qatar’s anti-homosexuality legal guidelines.

Harry Kane wears "One Love" captain's armband
England captain Harry Kane says he’ll put on the rainbow-coloured ‘One Love’ armband in Qatar 2022 matches

Paris, and different French cities, are refusing to display screen World Cup matches in public areas, regardless of France being the defending champions.

British LGBT rights campaigner Peter Tatchell says he was “arrested and detained on the kerbside” whereas protesting in Qatar’s capital, Doha.

The Qatari authorities has mentioned claims of an arrest are “completely false”.

Why was Qatar chosen because the World Cup host?

In 2010, Qatar clinched the rights to the World Cup after profitable a poll of Fifa’s 22 govt members. It defeated bids from the US, South Korea, Japan and Australia.

It’s the first Arab nation to host the match.

Qatar was accused of paying Fifa officers £3m ($3.7m) in bribes to safe their backing, however was cleared after a two-year investigation.

On the time, Fifa’s then-chairman, Sepp Blatter, supported Qatar’s bid, however has since mentioned the organisation might have made the incorrect determination.

What can World Cup followers anticipate in Qatar?

Qatar, which has a inhabitants of two.9 million, is without doubt one of the world’s wealthiest nations thanks to grease and fuel exports.

It has constructed seven stadiums particularly for the match.

Greater than 100 new accommodations, a brand new metro and new roads are additionally being constructed.

Graphic showing fans' accommodation in Qatar: 60,000 rooms in apartments and villas, 50,000 rooms in hotels, 9,000 beds in fan villages and 4,000 rooms on cruise ships

As a conservative Muslim nation, consuming in Qatar is generally restricted to bars in luxurious accommodations. A pint of beer can value £10 ($13).

World Cup organisers say that in the course of the finals, alcohol might be served “in select areas within stadiums”, for 3 hours earlier than matches and for one hour afterwards.

Alcoholic drinks may also be out there in a 40,000-capacity fan zone in Doha, and there might be zones the place drunken followers can go to sober up.

Why is the World Cup not going down in summer time, as regular?

The World Cup finals are being held between 20 November and 18 December – when the temperature in Qatar is often round 25C (77F).

Had the finals been held in June and July, as they usually are, the matches would have been performed in temperatures exceeding 40C and presumably reaching 50C.

Qatar initially proposed to host the finals in the course of the summer time in air-conditioned enclosed stadiums, however the plan was rejected.

Chart showing the average monthly temperature in Doha, Qatar

What’s troublesome about holding the World Cup later within the yr?

November and December are busy months for European soccer golf equipment. Many main gamers might be known as as much as play for his or her nations at Qatar 2022.

European leagues together with England’s Premier League, Italy’s Serie A and Spain’s La Liga are suspending their seasons per week forward of the worldwide match.

Matches will restart after the competitors has completed.