Highlights from the lifetime of Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI

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VATICAN CITY — Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI, the primary pope in 600 years to resign, has died. Listed below are highlights from his life.

April 16, 1927: Born Joseph Alois Ratzinger in Marktl am Inn, Germany, youngest of three kids to Joseph and Maria Ratzinger.

1943-1945: Assistant in Germany’s anti-aircraft protection and infantry soldier; imprisoned in 1945 in American POW camp in Neu-Ulm.

June 29, 1951: Ordained together with brother Georg Ratzinger in Freising.

1969-1977: Professor at College of Regensburg.

March 25, 1977: Named archbishop of Munich and Freising.

June 27, 1977: Made a cardinal by Pope Paul VI.

Nov. 25, 1981: Named prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Religion by Pope John Paul II; takes up publish in March 1982.

April 2, 2005: Pope John Paul II dies.

April 8, 2005: As dean of the Faculty of Cardinals, Ratzinger presides over John Paul’s funeral.

April 19, 2005: Elected 265th pope in one of many quickest conclaves in historical past. Selecting title Benedict XVI, he says he’s merely a “simple, humble worker in the vineyard of the Lord.”

April 24, 2005: Put in as pope with Mass.

Aug. 18-21, 2005: First overseas journey, to World Youth Day in Cologne, Germany.

Sept. 24, 2005: Meets with dissident theologian Hans Kung at papal summer season residence.

Dec. 25, 2005: First encyclical “God is Love” signed. Launched Jan. 25, 2006.

Could 28, 2006: Throughout journey to Poland, visits Auschwitz focus camp.

Sept. 12, 2006: Throughout go to to Germany, delivers speech at College of Regensburg that enrages Muslims; quoting a Byzantine emperor who characterised a number of the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad as “evil and inhuman,” significantly “his command to spread by the sword the faith.”

April 16, 2007: First quantity of “Jesus of Nazareth” accomplished on his eightieth birthday. Launched April 13.

Could 27, 2007: Indicators letter to China’s Catholics, urging them to unite beneath his authority. Revealed June 30.

July 7, 2007: Removes restrictions on celebrating the previous Latin Mass in main gesture to conventional Catholics.

April 20, 2008: Throughout go to to United States, prays for victims of Sept. 11, 2001 assaults at floor zero.

July 19, 2008: Throughout go to to Australia for World Youth Day, meets with victims of priestly intercourse abuse and through a Mass apologizes for his or her struggling.

Jan. 21, 2009: Lifts excommunication of Holocaust-denying Bishop Richard Williamson and three different ultra-traditionalist bishops of Society of St. Pius X, igniting outrage. Decree launched Jan. 24.

March 10, 2009: Acknowledges Vatican errors in Williamson affair, says Vatican should make higher use of Web to forestall future controversies. Letter launched March 12.

March 17, 2009: En path to Cameroon, tells reporters aboard papal aircraft that condoms should not the answer to AIDS and may make downside worse, prompting widespread criticism.

Could 11, 2009: Throughout go to to the Holy Land, lays wreath at Yad Vashem memorial in Jerusalem, says Holocaust victims “lost their lives but they will never lose their names.”

June 29, 2009: Third encyclical “Charity in Truth” signed. Launched July 7, 2009.

July 17, 2009: Breaks proper wrist in late-night fall at summer season trip house.

Oct. 20, 2009: Vatican broadcasts pope is making it simpler for Anglicans to transform en masse to Catholicism.

March 19, 2010: Rebukes Irish bishops for “grave errors of judgment” in dealing with clerical intercourse abuse however makes no point out of Vatican accountability in letter to Irish devoted. Launched March 20.

Could 1, 2010: Orders main overhaul of Legion of Christ after Vatican investigation determines founder was a fraud.

Sept. 16-19, 2010: Throughout first state go to by a pope to Britain, meets with Queen Elizabeth II, Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams and beatifies Anglican convert John Henry Newman.

Nov. 20, 2010: Revises controversial condom-AIDS feedback in e book and says male prostitutes who use condoms could also be taking a primary step towards a extra accountable sexuality.

March 2, 2011: Points sweeping exoneration of Jews for the loss of life of Christ in “Jesus of Nazareth-Part II.” Guide launched March 10.

Could 1, 2011: Beatifies John Paul II earlier than 1.5 million folks.

June 28, 2011: Tweets for the primary time, asserting launch of Vatican information data portal.

Oct. 6, 2012 Pope’s former butler is convicted on fees he stole the pontiff’s personal letters and leaked them to a journalist.

Feb. 11, 2013: Reveals in Latin that he’s stepping down Feb. 28 throughout a gathering of Vatican cardinals, stunning even his closest collaborators.

Feb. 28, 2013: Departs Vatican Metropolis in a helicopter certain for Castel Gandolfo, the place he begins his last journey as a “simple pilgrim.”

March 23, 2013: Receives Pope Francis for lunch at Castel Gandolfo; the 2 males pray side-by-side and Francis insists “We are brothers.”

April 28, 2014: Joins Francis on altar to canonize St. John Paul II and St. John XXIII, the primary time a reigning and retired pope have a good time Mass collectively.

April 11, 2019: In an essay, blames the clergy intercourse abuse scandal on the sexual revolution of the Nineteen Sixties and an absence of God.

January, 2020: Contributes to a e book reaffirming celibacy for clergymen at a time when Francis was contemplating an exception, sparking requires guidelines governing future “popes emeritus.”

June 18, 2020: Travels to Germany to go to his ailing brother, the Rev. Georg Ratzinger, who dies two weeks later, on July 1.

July 16, 2021: Has his signature rest of restrictions on celebration of previous Latin Mass reversed by Pope Francis.

Jan. 21, 2022: Is faulted for his dealing with of 4 intercourse abuse instances whereas bishop of Munich within the Nineteen Seventies and Eighties by impartial report commissioned by German church.

Feb. 8, 2022: Asks forgiveness for any “grievous faults” in dealing with of Munich clergymen, however denies private or particular wrongdoing.

Dec. 28, 2022: Pope Francis broadcasts Benedict is “very ill,” asks for particular prayers and visits him at his house.

Dec. 31, 2022: Benedict dies at 9:34 a.m. at his house within the Vatican Gardens at age 95.

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