Dorothy Pitman Hughes, a pioneering Black feminist, little one welfare advocate and lifelong group activist who toured the nation talking with Gloria Steinem within the Seventies and impressed the founding of Ms. Magazine, has died at 84.
Hughes died at her daughter’s house in Tampa, Fla., on Dec. 1. Her daughter, Delethia Ridley Malmsten, stated she died of pure causes.
Although they got here to their feminist activism from completely different vantage factors — Hughes from her community-based work and Steinem from journalism — the 2 solid a strong talking partnership within the early Seventies, touring the nation at a time when feminism was seen as predominantly white and center class, a divide courting again to the origins of the American girls’s motion. Steinem credited Hughes with serving to her turn out to be snug talking in public.
In one of the crucial well-known photos of the period, taken in October 1971, the 2 raised their proper arms within the Black energy salute. The picture is now within the Nationwide Portrait Gallery.
Hughes, her work at all times rooted in group activism, organized the primary shelter for battered girls in New York Metropolis and co-founded the New York Metropolis Company for Baby Growth to broaden little one care providers within the metropolis. However she was maybe greatest identified for her work serving to numerous households by means of the group heart she established on Manhattan’s West Aspect, providing day care, job coaching, advocacy coaching and extra.
“She took families off the street and gave them jobs,” Malmsten stated.
“My friend Dorothy Pitman Hughes ran a pioneering neighborhood childcare center on the west side of Manhattan,” Steinem stated in an electronic mail. “We met in the seventies when I wrote about that childcare center, and we became speaking partners and lifetime friends. She will be missed, but if we keep telling her story, she will keep inspiring us all.”
Laura L. Lovett, whose biography of Hughes, “With Her Fist Raised,” was printed final 12 months, stated in Ms. Magazine that Hughes “defined herself as a feminist, but rooted her feminism in her experience and in more fundamental needs for safety, food, shelter and child care.”
Born Dorothy Jean Ridley on Oct. 2, 1938, in Lumpkin, Ga., Hughes dedicated herself to activism at an early age, in response to her household. When she was 10, her father was practically overwhelmed to loss of life and left on the household’s doorstep. The household believed he was attacked by the Ku Klux Klan, and Hughes determined to dedicate herself to serving to others by means of activism, in response to her household.
She moved to New York Metropolis within the late Fifties when she was practically 20 and labored as a salesman, nightclub singer and home cleaner. By the Sixties she had turn out to be concerned within the civil rights motion and different causes, working with the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X and others.
Within the late Sixties, she arrange her West eightieth Avenue Childcare Heart, offering daycare and likewise help for folks.
“She realized that child-care challenges were deeply entangled with issues of racial discrimination, poverty, drug use, substandard housing, welfare hotels, job training and even the Vietnam War,” Lovett wrote final 12 months.
It was on the heart that Hughes met Steinem, then a journalist writing a narrative for New York Magazine. They grew to become mates and, from 1969 to 1973, spoke throughout the nation at school campuses, group facilities and different venues on gender and race points.
“Dorothy’s style was to call out the racism she saw in the white women’s movement,” Lovett stated in Ms. “She frequently took to the stage to articulate the way in which white women’s privilege oppressed Black women but also offered her friendship with Gloria as proof this obstacle could be overcome.”
Within the early Seventies Hughes additionally helped discovered, with Steinem, the Girls’s Motion Alliance, a broad community of feminist activists aiming to coordinate sources and push for equality on a nationwide degree. Although Hughes was typically stated to have additionally co-founded Ms. Magazine with Steinem in the identical period and biographer Lovett stated she helped encourage the thought, she didn’t have a proper position with the journal.
“It was our difference in experience that made us good lecture partners,” Steinem famous. She recalled additionally collaborating with Hughes on protesting so-called “welfare hotels” in New York for poor households within the Seventies. “Dorothy was key to exposing living conditions there,” Steinem stated. “She truly was a great community activist.”
By the Nineteen Eighties, Hughes had moved to Harlem and opened an workplace provide enterprise, Harlem Workplace Provide, the uncommon stationery retailer on the time that was run by a Black lady. However she was pressured to promote the shop when a Staples opened close by, a part of President Clinton’s Higher Manhattan Empowerment Zone program.
Hughes was portrayed in “The Glorias,” the 2020 movie about Steinem, by actor Janelle Monaé.
She is survived by daughters Patrice Quinn, Angela Hughes and Malmsten.